Founded in 1968, International Special Olympics movement has its goal to create an inclusive society where people with intellectual disabilities could feel its full-fledged members and fulfilled individuals. It promotes inclusion of all people through developing sports and creating programs in the areas of education, health, and leadership.

Every year Special Olympics movement delivers over 100,000 games and competitions in more than 30 Olympic sports and unites more than six million athletes and Unified Partners along with more than one million coaches and volunteers in over 190 countries and territories.
The history of Special Olympics Russia began in 1999. Today, it is one of the largest national programs within the worldwide movement. Under the Special Olympics program, about 5,000 sports events are annually held at the municipal, regional, and national levels, in which 130,000 athletes with intellectual disabilities take part.

Special Olympics provides year-round sports training in a variety of Olympic sports for children and adults with intellectual disabilities. Training sessions for future Special Olympics participants are taking place across Russia.
The Directorate for Sports and Social Projects is the official organizer of major national and international sports and other events in Kazan. Over 11 years of work, the organization has accumulated tremendous experience in holding multisport international competitions in Olympic and non-Olympic sports, including the 27th Summer Universiade, 16th FINA World Championships and World Masters Championships, Sixth International Conference of Ministers and Senior Officials Responsible for Physical Education and Sport (MINEPS VI), 2018 FIFA World Cup  matches, legs of the Red Bull Air Race World Championships and the 45th WorldSkills Competition in Kazan.

In 2020, the Directorate for Sports and Social Projects was appointed the operator for the organization and staging of the Special Olympics World Winter Games Kazan 2022.